What are edible mushrooms?

What are edible mushrooms?

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Ceps, kings of edible mushrooms

From his little name Boletus edulis, the boletus is undoubtedly the best known of the edible mushrooms ... and the most sought after. It is found under deciduous trees like oaks, between September and October. With its thick foot and round hat, it is often confused with other non-dangerous porcini mushrooms such as the summer porcini or the bronzed porcini, or even with bay bolete. Good news, all are edible and ultra-greedy.

The chanterelle

Like the porcini mushrooms, the chanterelle or common chanterelle is found under hardwoods between July and September. Yellow and wrinkled, it looks like others chanterelle species but do not panic, all are edible. We are wary if the fungus appears large and grows on an old strain, on the other hand, in this case it may have been a toxic olive clitocybe.

The Trumpet of Death… an edible mushroom!

It is also called trumpet-of-the-dead or cornucopia, even Craterellus cornucopioides for experienced mycologists. And despite its name, the death trumpet is a edible mushroom ! Gray-black and funnel-shaped, it grows from September to December in a humid area, under deciduous trees such as charms or oaks. And in a pan, it's divine!

The hairy coprin

here's one easy to find edible mushroom, since it grows on the edge of roads or paths. The hairy coprin, or Coprinus comatus, recognizes herself at first glance with her teardrop hat covered with woolly white locks and her blackish hem. It is picked very clear rather than blackened, once cooked, it is better.

The blue foot, funny edible mushroom

It's all in the name, what funny edible mushroom has a blue foot and a purplish hat. The Lepista nuda occurs in deciduous and coniferous forests from April to November, in groups, on soil rich in humus. And since it is as beautiful as it is good, it would be wrong to deprive yourself of it.

Rosé des Prés

He too announces the preference with his name: Agaricus campestris or rosé is a edible mushroom which is found in meadows and pastures. It is an agaric, and others are also edible, but be careful not to confuse it with dangerous amanita. If in doubt, check with a pharmacist or go your way.

The false mousseron

It’s called a false mousseron, a slump in the orades, Mariamus oreades or even cariolette. And this edible mushroom grows in circles called witch circles in the meadows, with a ruffled hat and a thick foot. Be careful with him too, it can be confused with another poisonous mushroom with a thinner foot, the roadside clitocybe.

The Caesar Amanita, an edible all-yellow mushroom

If there is a detail to remember before pick the amanita from the Caesarsis that this edible mushroom grows in the south only and is yellow from foot to hat. If it is encountered in the North, it is probably not the right one, and if the foot is white, it is another mushroom, at best edible but without interest, at worst toxic in the case of l fly agaric.

Picking edible mushrooms, be careful!

We can not repeat it enough, unless you know about the tip of the hat, wild picking of edible mushrooms should not be taken lightly. If you have any doubts, you don't pick up anything, differences between an edible, toxic or deadly fungus sometimes boiling down to the color of the lamellae or the shape of the ring. The right reflex? Before cooking, you go to a pharmacy to have your picking checked by a specialist. With mushrooms, two precautions are better than one!